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How to add dropdown on button click in ReactJS

Understanding the Task

ReactJS is a JavaScript library, and one of its best features is its ability to build interactive user interfaces effortlessly. Today, we are going to focus on a specific task - adding a dropdown menu that appears when you click a button. Imagine a scenario where you want to provide the user with multiple options, but you don't have enough space to display all of them. A dropdown menu is a perfect solution to this problem.


Before we dive into the steps, it's important to understand that this guide assumes you have a basic understanding of JavaScript and ReactJS. You should also have a local development environment set up for ReactJS. If you're not there yet, don't worry. There are plenty of resources online to help you get started.

Components in ReactJS

In ReactJS, everything is a component. You can think of a component like a LEGO block. Each block, or component, can be used and re-used to build an entire structure. In our case, we will create two components: a Button component and a Dropdown component.

Creating the Button Component

Our Button component will be a simple button that, when clicked, will toggle the visibility of our Dropdown component. Here's how we can create it:

import React from 'react';

function Button(props) {
  return (
    <button onClick={props.onClick}>
      Click me

export default Button;

In this code, we define a function Button that returns a button element. The button has an onClick event that triggers a function passed in through props. props in ReactJS is short for properties, and it's a way for us to pass data between components.

Creating the Dropdown Component

Next, let's create our Dropdown component. This component will display a list of options when it is visible.

import React from 'react';

function Dropdown(props) {
  return (
      {props.isVisible ? (
          <li>Option 1</li>
          <li>Option 2</li>
          <li>Option 3</li>
      ) : null}

export default Dropdown;

In this code, we check if props.isVisible is true. If it is, we display a list of options. If it's not, we don't display anything.

Tying it All Together

Now that we have our two components, let's use them in our main application component:

import React, { useState } from 'react';
import Button from './Button';
import Dropdown from './Dropdown';

function App() {
  const [isVisible, setIsVisible] = useState(false);

  const toggleVisibility = () => {

  return (
      <Button onClick={toggleVisibility} />
      <Dropdown isVisible={isVisible} />

export default App;

In this code, we import React's useState hook at the top. The useState hook allows us to add state to our component. State is data that can change and affect what is rendered on the screen. We also import our Button and Dropdown components.

In our App component, we create a state variable isVisible and a function to update it setIsVisible. We also create a function toggleVisibility that toggles the value of isVisible.

Then, in the return statement, we render our Button and Dropdown components and pass the necessary props to them.


And there you have it, a button that toggles the visibility of a dropdown menu in ReactJS. The power of ReactJS lies in its component structure, allowing you to build complex interfaces from simple building blocks.

Remember, learning to code is like learning to play an instrument. It takes time, patience, and a lot of practice. But, with each new concept you learn, you're adding another tool to your toolbox. So keep practicing, keep building, and most importantly, keep having fun. Happy coding!