Altcademy - a Forbes magazine logo Best Coding Bootcamp 2023

How to get url parameters in JavaScript

Understanding What URL Parameters Are

For those who are new to programming, we first need to understand what URL parameters are. Imagine you are sending a letter to your friend. To ensure that the letter gets to the right place, you need to write the correct address. Now, think of URL parameters as the address for a specific piece of information on the web. They usually come after a URL and are separated by either an ampersand (&) or a question mark (?). They act as a way to send some specific data to the server.

For example, in the URL, user=JohnDoe is the URL parameter.

The Need to Get URL Parameters

Why would you want to get URL parameters in JavaScript? Well, let's say you have a website that displays different information based on the user's preferences. The user's preferences can be stored as URL parameters. By getting these parameters, you can customize the information displayed to the user.

Getting URL Parameters with JavaScript

To get URL parameters in JavaScript, we can use the URLSearchParams Interface. This is a built-in object in JavaScript that provides methods to work with the query string of a URL.

Here is an example:

var urlParams = new URLSearchParams(;
var user = urlParams.get('user');

In this code, is used to get the query string part of the URL. URLSearchParams is used to parse this query string, making it a lot easier to work with. Then, we use the get method to get the value of the 'user' parameter.

Dealing with Multiple URL Parameters

But what if you have multiple URL parameters, like In this case, you can use the same URLSearchParams object and its get method to get each parameter.

var urlParams = new URLSearchParams(;
var user = urlParams.get('user');
var age = urlParams.get('age');

Here, we added one more line to get the 'age' parameter. You can add as many lines as the number of parameters you have.

URL Parameters Are Not Always Present

Just like your friend might not be home when you visit, URL parameters might not always be present in the URL. If we try to get a parameter that doesn't exist, the get method will return null.

var urlParams = new URLSearchParams(;
var color = urlParams.get('color');
console.log(color); // This will output null if there's no 'color' parameter


Just as you would need to know the exact address to deliver a letter to your friend, understanding how to get URL parameters in JavaScript is crucial when you want to deliver a tailored user experience. Remember, URL parameters are like the 'addresses' for specific pieces of data you want to retrieve. JavaScript provides us with the handy URLSearchParams object to easily parse and retrieve these data 'addresses'.

Keep in mind that URL parameters might not always be there, just like how your friend might not always be home. But armed with the knowledge from this article, you can now confidently knock on the right doors (or rather, parse the right URLs) and retrieve the information you need to create a personalized web experience.

Happy coding!