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How to join the string in ReactJS map function

Understanding the map() function

Firstly, let's talk about the map() function in JavaScript. map() is a method built to manipulate arrays. It is like a factory production line. You put in the raw materials (the original array), the function processes each item (like a worker on the production line), and then out comes the finished goods (the new array).

Here is an example:

const numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];
const doubledNumbers = => num * 2);
console.log(doubledNumbers); // Output: [2, 4, 6, 8, 10]

Map function in ReactJS

Now, let's talk about how we can use the map() function in a ReactJS component. In ReactJS, we often use the map() function to iterate over an array and render a component for each item.

const numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];
const listItems = =>

Joining a string in the map function

Let's say you have an array of strings in your React component, and you want to join them into a single string with a comma between each item.

const array = ['apple', 'banana', 'cherry'];

You might think to use the join() method, which is another built-in JavaScript method that combines all the elements of an array into a string.

const joinedArray = array.join(", ");
console.log(joinedArray); // Output: "apple, banana, cherry"

What if we want to do this in the React map function? Here's how we can do this:

const array = ['apple', 'banana', 'cherry'];
const joinedArray =, index) => (
  <span key={index}>{item}{index < array.length - 1 ? ', ' : ''}</span>

In the above example, we're using the map() function to iterate over each item in the array. For each item, we're returning a <span> element with the item as its child.

The {index < array.length - 1 ? ', ' : ''} part is using a ternary operator to check if the current item is the last in the array. If it's not, it adds a comma and a space after the item. If it is the last item, it adds nothing.

Why not use join() in React?

You might be wondering why we didn't just use the join() method in our React component. The reason is that React doesn't allow us to render arrays with different types of elements. If we tried to join our array items into a string, React would throw an error because it doesn't know how to render the resulting string.

In our solution, we're keeping everything as React elements (the <span> tags), which React knows how to handle.


The map() function is a powerful tool in both JavaScript and ReactJS. It allows us to perform operations on each item in an array, and in the case of ReactJS, render a component for each item.

Joining strings in a map function in ReactJS might seem tricky at first, especially if you're used to using the join() method in JavaScript. But with a little bit of knowledge about how React renders arrays and a clever use of the ternary operator, we can achieve the same result.

Remember, in the world of programming, there's often more than one way to solve a problem. The best solution depends on the specifics of the problem and the tools you have at your disposal. So don't be afraid to think outside the box and try different approaches, just like how we successfully joined strings in a ReactJS map function!