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How to place the previous event value in ReactJS


Welcome, budding programmers! Today, we're going to dive deep into the world of ReactJS, a powerful JavaScript library for building user interfaces. Don't worry if this sounds a bit complex, we'll break it down piece by piece.

What is ReactJS?

Let's start with understanding what ReactJS is. Imagine you're building a house. Instead of building everything from scratch, wouldn't it be easier if you had pre-made components like walls, doors, and windows? You can just pick up these components and arrange them according to your design. This is essentially what ReactJS does for web development. It provides us with 'components' (like the walls and doors) that we can use to build our 'house' (the web app).

The Concept of Events in ReactJS

As you interact with a web page, various events occur. Maybe you clicked on a button, hovered over an image, or typed in a text box. Each interaction triggers what we call an 'event'.

In ReactJS, these events are handled using specially designed functions called 'event handlers'. Think of these handlers like the supervisors on a construction site. They oversee and manage the different tasks that need to happen as the building comes together.

Storing the Previous Event Value

Now, let's talk about how to store the previous event value in ReactJS. Imagine you're playing a game where every move you make is recorded. If you make a mistake, you can go back and see what your previous move was. Storing the previous event value in ReactJS is similar. We are essentially keeping a record of the previous 'move' or event.

Here's some code to illustrate how this works:

import React, { useState, useEffect } from 'react';

function App() {
  const [value, setValue] = useState("");
  const [prevValue, setPrevValue] = useState("");

  useEffect(() => {
  }, [value]);

  return (
      onChange={(e) => setValue(}

export default App;

In this example, we're creating an input field that records its previous values. Here's what's happening:

We're using the useState function to create two states: one for the current value (value) and one for the previous value (prevValue).

The useEffect function is like a watchman. It keeps an eye on value and whenever it changes, useEffect updates prevValue with the old value.

The onChange handler is triggered every time there's a change in the input field. This change is recorded in value.

So, as you type in the input field, prevValue is always one step behind value, storing the previous value.

Why is this Useful?

Storing the previous event value can be very useful in many situations. For instance, you might want to compare the current state of your application with its previous state. Or maybe you want to implement an 'undo' feature, where the user can revert their last action. By storing the previous event value, you have this information readily available.

Wrapping Up

And that's a wrap! We've explored the concept of events in ReactJS, learned how to store the previous event value, and discussed why this can be useful. As you continue your journey into programming, remember that understanding these fundamental concepts is like learning the alphabet. Once you know them, you can start forming words, sentences, and eventually, create a beautiful piece of software. Happy coding!