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How to set value for ReactJS textbox control in bootstrap

What You Need to Know

Before diving into setting values for a ReactJS textbox control in Bootstrap, let's clear up some jargon. ReactJS is a JavaScript library used for building user interfaces, particularly for single-page applications. You might think of it as a way to construct a complex Lego structure (your web application) with individual blocks (components).

Bootstrap, on the other hand, is a free and open-source CSS framework used for creating responsive and mobile-first websites. It's like the paint and decorative touches you would add to your Lego structure to make it visually appealing.

In this blog post, we will be focusing on how to set values for a textbox control in a ReactJS application using Bootstrap. This operation is equivalent to writing on a post-it note and sticking it on a particular block of your Lego structure.

Setting Up Your Environment

First off, we need to set up our environment. We'll need to have Node.js and npm (node package manager) installed. Think of Node.js as the factory that produces your Lego blocks, and npm as the truck that delivers them to your construction site.

Once you have these installed, you can create a new ReactJS application by running the following command in your terminal:

npx create-react-app textbox-app

This command builds a new ReactJS application called 'textbox-app'. 'npx' is a tool that comes with npm and allows you to run packages.

After that, navigate into your new project directory:

cd textbox-app

Next, we'll install Bootstrap. Run the following command:

npm install bootstrap

Once installed, import the Bootstrap CSS file into your 'src/index.js' file:

import 'bootstrap/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css';

Now, we are ready to set the value for a textbox control using ReactJS and Bootstrap.

Creating the Textbox

In ReactJS, an input textbox control is created using the 'input' element, with the type attribute set to 'text'. To style this textbox with Bootstrap, we add the 'form-control' class.

Here's how to create a simple, uncontrolled textbox:

import React from 'react';

function App() {
  return (
    <input type="text" className="form-control" />

export default App;

This is like creating a blank post-it note. But we want to write something on it, right? That's where the 'value' attribute comes in.

Setting the Value

In ReactJS, the 'value' attribute sets the value of the textbox.

Let's set the initial value of our textbox to 'Hello, World!':

import React from 'react';

function App() {
  return (
    <input type="text" className="form-control" value="Hello, World!" />

export default App;

Now, our textbox displays 'Hello, World!' when the page loads. But there's a problem. Try typing into the textbox. You'll notice that you can't change the value. That's because in ReactJS, setting the value attribute like this makes the textbox 'read only'.

To make it editable, we need to introduce state.

Introducing State

In ReactJS, state allows components to change their output over time in response to user actions, network responses, etc.

It's like having a stack of post-it notes. Each time something changes, you write the new value on a fresh note and stick it on top of the old one.

Let's create a state variable for our textbox value and a function to change it:

import React, { useState } from 'react';

function App() {
  const [textValue, setTextValue] = useState("Hello, World!");

  return (
      onChange={event => setTextValue(} 

export default App;

Now, our textbox is fully interactive! You can type in it and see the value change.


Building user interfaces with ReactJS and Bootstrap is like constructing a Lego masterpiece. Each component is an individual block, and Bootstrap provides the paint and decorative touches that make your structure visually appealing. By learning how to set values for ReactJS textbox controls, you have added a new tool to your builder's toolbox.

Remember, the key is understanding how each part works and how they fit together. As you continue to learn and build, don't forget to explore and experiment. After all, the beauty of building with Lego blocks (or in our case, ReactJS and Bootstrap) is that you can always rebuild, reshape, and refine your structure as many times as you need to. Happy building!