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How to clear screen in Python

Getting Started

Welcome! If you're reading this, you're probably learning programming, and you've chosen Python, a great language to start with. It's simple, clean, and easy to understand. One of the concepts that you'll often come across while programming in Python is the need to clear the screen. In this blog, we'll take a look at how to do this and why it's important.

Why Clear the Screen?

Before we jump into the how, let's discuss the why. Imagine you're writing a note on a piece of paper. After a while, you've jotted down so many things that the paper is full. It becomes difficult to find the information you're looking for. This is similar to what happens when you're programming. You get a lot of output on your console screen, and after a while, it becomes cluttered. So, you need to clear the screen to make your work easier to manage. It's like starting with a fresh piece of paper.

Clearing the Screen in Python

There are several methods to clear the screen in Python. We'll go through the most common ones.

Method 1: Using the os Module

Python's os module provides a way to use operating system dependent functionality, such as reading or writing to the file system, starting or killing processes, and more. Here's how you can use it to clear the screen:

import os

def clear_screen():
    os.system('cls' if == 'nt' else 'clear')


In this code, we're first importing the os module. Then, we define a function called clear_screen(). Inside this function, we're using os.system(), a function that lets you execute a command in a subshell. The command we're executing depends on the name of the operating system. If the operating system is Windows (nt), we use the command cls. For Unix or Linux, we use clear.

Think of os.system() as a way of telling your computer to do something outside of Python. It's like writing a note to someone else and asking them to do a task for you.

Method 2: Using a Function

If you're not comfortable with the os module, you can create a function to clear the screen. Here's how you can do it:

def clear_screen():
    print("\n" * 100)


In this code, we're defining a function called clear_screen() that prints 100 newline characters. A newline character (\n) is a special character that tells Python to start a new line. So, printing 100 newline characters is like pressing the 'Enter' key 100 times. This will push the old output off the screen, giving the illusion of a clear screen.

Method 3: Using a Loop

Another way to clear the screen is by using a loop. Here's an example:

for i in range(100):

In this code, we're using a for loop to print 100 empty lines. This is similar to the previous method, but instead of printing all the newline characters at once, we're printing them one at a time.

Choosing the Right Method

Now that you know the different methods to clear the screen, you might be wondering, "Which method should I use?" The answer depends on your needs. If you need to clear the screen frequently and you're working in a console that supports it, using the os module might be the best choice. However, if you're working in an environment that doesn't support the os module, like some online Python editors, using a function or a loop might be better.


Congratulations! You now know how to clear the screen in Python. This is like learning how to clean your room. It might not seem like the most exciting task, but it's essential for keeping your work organized and manageable. Remember, programming is not just about writing code, it's also about managing your code and your output. So, keep practicing, keep improving, and don't forget to clear your screen. Happy coding!