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What is append in JavaScript

Understanding Append in JavaScript

Setting the Stage

Imagine you have a beautiful necklace with a line of shiny beads. Now, you want to add another bead to it. What do you do? You append it at the end of the necklace, right? Just like adding a bead to a necklace, the append() function in JavaScript is used to add elements at the end of selected elements.

What Does Append Do?

In JavaScript, the append() method inserts specified content at the end of the selected elements. It's like adding a new chapter at the end of your favorite book. The append() method takes a single argument, which is the content to be added. This content can be a text node, an HTML string, or an element node, similar to adding different types of charms to your bracelet.

Append in Action

Let's look at a code example to see how append() works.

let list = document.querySelector('ul'); // selects the unordered list
let newListItem = document.createElement('li'); // creates a new list item
newListItem.textContent = 'I am the appended item'; // sets the text for the new list item
list.append(newListItem); // appends the new list item to the list

Here, we're first selecting an unordered list. Then, we're creating a new list item and setting its text content. Finally, we're appending this new list item to the list.

Append vs. AppendChild

You might have heard of another function in JavaScript called appendChild(). It's similar to append(), but there are some key differences.

appendChild() only allows appending Node objects, like a new list item. It won't work if you try to append a text string.

On the other hand, append() can append both Node objects and text strings. It's a more versatile function.

Here's a code comparison to make this clear:

// Using appendChild
let newListItem = document.createElement('li'); 
newListItem.textContent = 'I am the appended item';

// Using append
let newListItem = document.createElement('li');
list.append(newListItem, 'I am the appended item');

The Power of Append

The append() function is incredibly powerful because it allows you to dynamically add content to your web pages. Whether you're building a to-do list app that needs to add new tasks, or a blog that needs to add new comments, append() can do the job.

In a sense, append() is like a magic glue that allows you to stick new pieces onto your web page. And the best part? You're in control of what gets added, where it gets added, and when it gets added.


In the magical world of JavaScript, append() is your trusty sidekick, always ready to add new elements to your DOM (Document Object Model) adventure. It's like the final stroke of a painter's brush, the last note in a musician's symphony, or the final piece of a jigsaw puzzle. It beautifully completes the picture, making your web page more dynamic and interactive.

So next time when you're working on a JavaScript project, remember the power of append(). Just like you would add a bead to a necklace, a charm to a bracelet, or a new chapter to a book, use append() to add new elements to your web page. Let your creativity flow and make your web development journey more exciting and fun.