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What is mvc in JavaScript

Understanding MVC

MVC, which stands for Model-View-Controller, is a design pattern that's used for developing user interfaces. But let's break down these jargons. Imagine you're a chef in a restaurant. The 'Model' is like the raw ingredients you use, the 'View' is the plated dish that diners see, and the 'Controller' is you, the chef, who prepares and presents the food. In programming, the Model is the data, the View is how that data is displayed, and the Controller manages the flow between the Model and the View.

Model in MVC

In our restaurant analogy, the Model is our ingredients. In programming, the Model represents the data and the rules that govern access to and updates of this data. In JavaScript, this could be an object with properties and methods. Here’s an example:

let model = {
    data: [],
    addData: function(item){;
    getData: function(){

In this example, data is an array that stores our data. We have two methods: addData to add new items to our data and getData to retrieve the data.

View in MVC

The View, in our restaurant scenario, is the plated dish. In programming, the View is the representation of the data, the user interface. In JavaScript, this could be the part of your code that interacts with the HTML on your page. Let's use the same model data but this time, display it:

let view = {
    displayData: function(data){
        let dataElement = document.getElementById('data');
        dataElement.innerHTML = '';
        for(let i=0; i<data.length; i++){
            let newElement = document.createElement('div');
            newElement.textContent = data[i];

In this example, displayData takes in an array of data, creates a new HTML element for each item in the array, and adds that element to our page.

Controller in MVC

The Controller, like the chef in our analogy, manages the flow between the Model and the View. It responds to user input and performs interactions on the data model objects. The Controller receives input, validates it, and performs business operations that modify the state of the data. Let's create a controller for our previous examples:

let controller = {
    addItem: function(item){

In this example, addItem receives an item as input, adds that item to our model data using the addData method, fetches the updated data using the getData method, and passes the updated data to our view's displayData method to be displayed.

Bringing it all together

With our Model, View, and Controller defined, we can now see how they work together. When a user interacts with the View, the Controller responds to this interaction by updating the Model, which in turn updates the View. This flow continues as long as the user interacts with the View.


The above code will add 'Apple', 'Banana', and 'Cherry' to our model data and display it on our page.

Conclusion: The Magic of MVC

Understanding MVC is like learning a new culinary technique. It might be a bit challenging to get the hang of it at first, but once you do, it can significantly improve your efficiency and the quality of your work. In the world of JavaScript, MVC is that game-changing technique that can take your code from 'good' to 'great'. It helps keep your code organized, making it easier to maintain and scale. So, put on your apron, sharpen your knives, and start cooking with MVC in JavaScript. Each line of code you write takes you one step closer to becoming a Michelin-starred chef in the world of programming. Enjoy the journey and never stop learning!